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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  March 29, 2013 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT

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kim jong-un has ordered missile units to attack south korea and the u.s. mainland after american bombers flew trianing missions across south korea. >> he is young, untested, and says he wants to settle scores with american imperialists. he rallied his generals to aim the rockets at u.s. bases in hawaii. north korea is on a war footing, with military parades in pyongyang. news broadcasts are full of theater and threats, 20 this far alone. from turning washington to a lake of fire and cutting
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military hotlines to south korea. it is an effort to eget washington's attention. they say the bellicose record only deepens the isolation in the u.s. and the u.s. remains committed to its allies, and demonstrated it. fromuclear capables flew missouri to the penninsula of korea. china appealed for calm. nobody believes north korea will launch rockets but a small incident could escalate. >> sergei lavrov saiys unilateral actions could mena it could spiral out of control.
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he may have meant north korea as much as the u.s. >> the war of words is part of the relationship with washington and pyongyang. it has been a vexing problem and the obama administration has had trouble engaging north korea without looking as if they've caved to threats. >> for more on the tensions i spoke to former ambassador bill richardson. he's been there on private visits and was inside the country in january. >> governor richardson, is this bluster or should the u.s. be worried? >> we should be worried. the bluster and bellicosity and the threats have never been as
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intense and you couple that with a new leader who appears to be manipulated and handled by the hard-line elements in the north korean military, those who don't wnat engagement. the good news is he is showing political strength, that he's tough. a lot tougher than his father. his father never engaged directly in this rhetoric to shore up his base and show despite his youth and inexperience he is in control. >> what do you think he wants from all this? what is his endgame? >> his endgame is -- to shore up his political base. two, whenever there is a new south korean leader as there is a new president, the north
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koreans like testing them. jong-un will kim put himself in a corner and have to do something. what we don't want -- obviously they won't attack the u.s. and we don't know if they have the capability to get close. the danger is a miscalculation, a naval skirmish in the yellow sea. that is the danger. it is a tinderbox. >> is he trying to force washington to negotiate? >> that has been the modus operandi of past north korean leaders. kim jong-il did that and intensified the rhetoric and they did bellicose incidents in the yellow sea.
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they said, this is what i want. this is the typical posture. very few know the end-game. the end-game is he's said he wants a negotiation with the u.s. they desperately need food and energy and the sanctions off and part of the country is starving and what worries me is the generals and hard-liners and they are pushing kim jong-un to a corner. >> is the u.s. right to be carrying out exercises with south korea? >> you have to have a response. it is a message to south korea and japan that we stand by our agreements. those sorties were not live. but at the same time -- north
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korea engages in negtivative rhedoric and there needs to be a response. what we need is china, instead of saying let's be peaceful, china should get the north koreans to calm down. >> governor richardson, thank you for joining us. let's take a look at other news. several shi'a mosques were hit in bagdhad and kirkuk. in recent months, sunni militants of al-qaeda increased attacks. chinese state reports that a landslide trapped miners in tibet, over 4 kilometers.
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the missing miners were working for a state-owned gold company. the u.n. security council called for a force to carry out democratic offenses in z-- they voted in favor of the congolese brigade. nelson mandela spends his second full day in hospital for a recurring lung infections. south africans follow it with baited breath. jacob zuma says mr. mandela is in good spirits and is making progress. our report from johanessburg. >> no sense of alarm here. but nelson mandela's health is
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on many minds in south africa. the man seen as the father of the nation will send the weekend in hospital. >> i hope god will give him strength and courage to be an icon for the country. >> the 94 year old liberation hero was taken to hospital wednesday night with another lung infection, but the latest news is encouraging. >> former president mandela is in good spirits and enjoyed a full breakfast. progressing stadeady and remains under observation. >> the authorities have not concerned which hospital he is staying at. >> nelson mandela may be frail these days but he was reported
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to be sitting up in bed, with a full breakfast says a great deal about a man famous for resillience. >> no word on when he will be allowed home after his first hospital visit in four months. >> anxiety in south africa as nelson mandela is in hospital . in tanzania, a rescue effort in dar es salaam after a building collapse. three were killed and man are missing. hassan mhelela is on the scene. >> rescue crews scramble for survivors, in the rubble after a 16-story building collapsed.
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workers and school children are missing. >> 20 workers were working on the side and we heard 10 or 12 children were playing football. the first thing was to see if we were all safe and if my kids were ok. >> this man says he saw people buried by rubble. one was rescued from there, he said. long crowds improvised with a human chain to remove concrete slowly and carefully. trapped victims were said to be making phone calls to friends and relatives and the building was near a mosque near the capital. heavyozers and other ehav
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equipment were moved in. some people have been pulled out alive. >> rescue efforts underway with specialized equipment that have tempered progress of the work. but the clock is ticking to get survivors out of the building. >> the longest prison sentence ever in serbia. convictedlahovic was and he is now slated to serve 45 years in prison. ticles 42 of to ardicles
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will goerzigovina, he to 45 years in prison. >> the monster of -- faces his life in prison. veselin was found guilty of 30 murders, rape, torture, and robbery. some even glorified his deeds in print, reveling in the crimes of one of the most notorious figures of the war in bosnia. his remember the horror of terrorizing in the early 90's. >> this is the biggest sentence. it is a shame there is no death penalty. he should be brought out and hanged. >> we have proven he killed with his own hands 31 victims and took 14 peolpe tple to an unknon
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location. raping 13 women and girls nad beat anand beat and tortured 50 people. >> the monster of gervenitza is facing the longest sentence ever handed down by a bosnian court. >> a few more headlines. the fallout of the bailout of cyprus continues. the president says he won't experiment with the country's future. the 10 billion euro bailout contained the crisis but he accused other members of making unprecedented demands. the center left leader of italy says he is unable to put together a coalition. besani's coalition took the most
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votes. he is in talks with berlusconi's group and former comic grio. it is up to napolitano to hold more talks with the political parties. still to come, getting money for the americans taken hostage in iran, three decades after their release why one senator leads the charge after seeing a hollywood blockbuster. >> flying time from 50 hours to 6. that is how long the 3-man crew of a russian crew are able to cut on the trip to the space station. as you may guess, any space travel is taxing so it is one very long day for thos eoe on
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board. they will stay at the space station 5 months before returning to earth. this is the bbc's steve rosenberg. >> liftoff to the international space station. it normally takes two days but russian scientists have slashed the flgihight time with a short cut. with upgraded technology, the craft took six hours to reach the destination. eight times faster than before. it dockes with the iss after four orbits of the earth, fewer than the 34 usually required. >> capture at 9:28. >> never had a crew arrived so
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promplty, moving in are two cosmonauts. and u.s. astronaut chris cassidy. they will spend the next five months here. the reduced journey time menat theant they could avoid nausea and dizziness and it will be quicker to fly to the space station than from london to new york. >> the hollywood film argo won for best picture and revised the compensation. years ago.ns held 30 as part of the release they were barred from suing iran.
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the new proposal that ma ybe worth millions. >> the crisis in iran -- >> in american their plight gave rise to impotence and unease ther militants stormed embassy. in the 14 months they were there, the hostages were blindfolded, beaten, and tortured. not even a personal appeal to the supreme leader put a stop to the brutality. the hostage said they are haunted by the ordeal. >> the suicide of one, family problems, mental problems. despite -- denials from the iranian side and stories we were well treated, this was not the
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case at all. >> the hostages began to feel as if they were left to feel for themselves. that changed with the release of argo. the film has prompted one senator to table a bill granding the -- granting the hostages compensation. >> you can read a historical novel and read about what happened and you see the outcome. but to see people threatened, trying to escape, it raises the terror they went through. >> signed before ronald reagan was sworn in, the agreement contained one crucial condition. they would forfeit the right
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to sue the iranian goverment. >> having failed to have that stipulation overturned they are taking a different tack. they are backing a bill to introduce a surcharge on fines levied against companies breaking the u.s. embargo, using it as compensation. >> each would recieve $10,000 for each year in captivity, $4 million per person. it would mark the end of a long quest for justice. u.s.w hope for the former hostages in iran. it is 150 years since the battle of gettysburg, the bloodiest battle of the american civil
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war. the metropolitan museum of art shows poiniant photographs at the war where 750,000 americans lost their lives. jeff rosenheim gives us an exclusive look. >> photographers anticipated the war and were in place, and the camera naand its product was everywhere, and you didn't leave the war without a likeness. they got to put on the uniforms, maybe the first time they left home, the first time they did something larger than their own enterprise and it was done on a massive level. these soldiers sat for their portraits beginning an entrprise
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of aise that was so much part of history. ♪ >> what is interesting about lincoln is he understood photography. the picture from new york city at the cooper union contributed to his success as a candidate. africansibility of americnan experience is characteristic. theri storir story is the storye abolution of slavery, and the critical issue for photographers. we have, encoded, front and center the stories of african
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americans, in the story -- >> among the most controversial photographs are those by alexander gardener of the battlefield. one body is photographed in two locations. he doesn't tell it this is the same soldier. he suggests they were different. this issue of truth and meaning questions the rolls the camera plays. this is one we are interested in today. reality that is depicted with the portraits and the landscape and commitment, i hope that's what people take away. we live in a time of constant war and this is an important
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thing to look at. it tells us who we are and helps us understand what we ask of the camera in society today. >> curator jeff rosenheim with the most dramatic photographs of the civil war. we have pictures of pope francis, overseeing easter services. good friday's service came to the end as we were on the air. it began at the coliseum and took at th-- many people the cross, including lebanese and nigerian nuns and a delegation of young brazilians. for all of us at world news america, have a great weekend.
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captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> woodruff: north korea stepped up its rhetoric today. its leader ordered his generals
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to get rockets ready to strike the united states. good evening, i'm judy woodruff. >> suarez: and i'm ray suarez. on the "newshour" tonight, we assess the escalating tensions on the peninsula, coming after the u.s. staged military drills with south korea. >> woodruff: then, we examine the federal government's proposed rules to limit pollution from automobiles, likely to result in cleaner air and maybe higher prices. >> suarez: hari sreenivasan reports on the mounting backlog at the veterans administration, where the wait time to resolve claims often takes more than a year. >> why should you have to fight? why should you have to fight for your benefits? i went to war, i did what i had to do. >> woodruff: jeffrey brown talks with author mohsin hamid about his new novel, a tale of love and success exploring the promise and perils of rising asia. >> if you look at a bookshelf in pakistan, or really anywhere in asia, you'll see shelf after shelf full of, you know, "how to become successful," "how to build a spreadsheet" and the
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newspapers and magazines are full of it, too. >> suarez: and mark shields and david brooks analyze the week's news. >> woodruff: that's all ahead on tonight's "newshour." >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: >> support also comes from carnegie corporation of new york, a foundation created to do what andrew carnegie called "real and permanent good." celebrating 100 years of philanthropy at >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions and foundations. and friends of the newshour. and... >> this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you.


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